Portal of the Observatory of Transport and Logistics in Spain

Transport and mobility are a fundamental aspect of today's society. In order to improve and guarantee its proper functioning, it is essential to have a global vision and to have reliable, updated, transparent and accessible information on transport and logistics activity in Spain.

OTLE areas


imagen Mobility

OTLE analyses the mobility of passengers and freight from a global perspective, considering all modes of transport (road, rail, air and sea) and areas (national and international).

  • Intercity passenger transport

    445.388 million passenger-kilometres in 2019, of which almost 85 % are road journeys.

  • International passenger transport

    More than 362 million annual passengers in 2018. Road and air travel are in the top positions.

  • Freight

    1,997 million tonnes in 2020. More than 72 % are of national origin and destination. In domestic transport almost 92 % is by road and in international transport 90,5 % is by sea.


imagen Socioeconomics

Given the importance of socioeconomic aspects in any activity, especially in transport and logistics, we include information on macroeconomic aggregates, companies, employment, investment, prices and costs, etc.

  • Transport and storage sector

    Production of 127.190  million euros, value added of  53.094  million euros, 196.715  companies and 941.400 jobs in 2019.

  • Foreign investment

    In 2019, net investment in transport and storage activities by Spanish companies amounted to 505,4 million euros, much lower than the 156,7 million euros invested in Spain from abroad.

  • Imports in transport

    322.436  million and around 260 million tonnes in 2019.

  • Exports in transport

    290.893 million euros and almost 185 million tonnes in 2019.

Infrastructure and capital

imagen Infrastructure and capital

In this section we offer global statistical information on transport infrastructures in Spain, data on rolling stock, and investments in technology and innovation.

  • Infrastructure

    165.443 kilometres of roads in 2019, a rail network of 15.390, kilometres, 46 airports (and 2 heliports) in the Aena network and 28 port authorities.

  • Road vehicle fleet

    In 2020, the national vehicle fleet consisted of 34,765,203 vehicles.

  • Internal R&D expenditure

    Companies in the transport and storage sector invested 77 million euros in R&D in 2019.


imagen Safety

Moving people or goods as efficiently and safely as possible is one of the biggest challenges facing the transport sector today. For this reason we have safety and accident information on all modes of transport.

  • Accident rate

    • Road transport: 104.080 accidents in 2019.
    • Railway: 151 accidents in 2019.
    • Air transport: 37 accidents in commercial air transport, general aviation and other flight operations in 2019 .
    • Sea transport: 6.958 emergencies in 2020.

  • Fatalities

    • Road transport: more than 1.755 fatalities in 2019.
    • Railway: 22 fatalities in 2019.
    • Commercial air transport: 0 in 2020.
    • Sea transport: 167 fatalities in 2020.


imagen Sustainability

We analysed three specific aspects of environmental sustainability in transport: the air pollution generated by each mode of transport, the energy consumption of each mode of transport and the amount of the population exposed to noise pollution.

  • Emissions

    90 million tonnes of CO2 were emitted in 2019 by domestic traffic. Of these, 93 % were from road transport.

  • Energy consumption

    Domestic traffic consumed more than 1,310,424 terajoules in 2019, with road transport being the largest contributor with almost 92 % of consumption.

Metropolitan transport

imagen Metropolitan transport

As a consequence of the growing importance of cities, metropolitan mobility is becoming more and more important. We analysed metropolitan transport by collective means of transport (metro, tram and bus) based on the information gathered by the Metropolitan Mobility Observatory.

  • Collective public transport

    17,761 million passenger-kilometres were added by the major metropolitan areas in 2019, with bus being the most used mode (10,046  million passenger-km) compared to rail with 7,715.

  • Línes

    1,251  urban bus lines in the main metropolitan areas and 887 kilometres of railways (metro, light rail and tramway) in 2019.

  • Revenue

    2,800 million euros in 2019 in tariff revenues.


imagen Logistics

We present a transversal approach to logistics activity, offering data on freight transport, socioeconomic data, infrastructures and information on intermodality, a key aspect in the logistics chain.

  • Tonnes transported

    1,997 million tonnes were transported by all modes of transport in 2020, including 1,454 million tonnes of domestic traffic.

  • Companies in the logistics sector

    135.767 companies in 2018,  675.673  employees and an output exceeding 63.269 million euros.

  • Intermodal transport

    • Roads: more than 66 million tonnes transported in 2020 by container.
    • Rail: más de 11 million tonnes transported by intermodal wagon in 2019.
    • State Ports: 184 million tonnes transported by container in 2020.

  • Infrastructure

    • Road: 31,8 million m2 of covered storage in 2019.
    • ADIF terminals: 7,3 million m2 of logistics area in 2019.
    • AENA airports: 222,263 m2 of cargo area in 2020.
    • State Ports: 91,8 million m2 of floor space in 2020.

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